How often do I have to service the system?
Since water is a non conductor, you need to add electrolytes (chemicals) to increase current flow up to a usable rate.
Sodium Hydroxide NaOH
NaOH, also called “lye”, it is a very efficient electrolyte, highly conductive and caustic. Pure sodium hydroxide is available in pellets, flakes, granules and as a 50% saturated solution, dissolved in water. NaOH is available at industrial chemical suppliers, internet retailers, hardware stores, agriculture stores or in grocery stores labelled “Red Devil” drain cleaner.
Potassium Hydroxide KOH
KOH is most efficient of the commonly used electrolytes, some 40% better than NaOH. This means you will need less chemical quantity to achieve the same results. KOH is available on eBay and online chemical distribution centers.
Here is a list of online resources:
The generator contains water, which if left untreated, will freeze in cold temperatures, potentially damaging the device.
A stronger solution of KOH/NaOH prevents water from freezing.
Simply put, each 40g of KOH will lower the freezing point of one (1) litre of water by 3.7C (6.7F)
Dissolve in 1 litre of water:
1 TBSP KOH = 30g = -2.8C
2 TBSP KOH = 60g = -5.6C
3 TBSP KOH = 90g = -8.3C
4 TBSP KOH = 120g = -11.1C
5 TBSP KOH = 150g = -13.9C
6 TBSP KOH = 180g = -16.7C
7 TBSP KOH = 210g = -19.4C
8 TBSP KOH = 240g = -22.4C
Dealing with electronics
Adding Hydrogen changes the combustion properties of the existing fuel, increasing power and fuel economy. The Hydrogen – fuel mixture burns more efficiently with less pollution and more Oxygen content in the exhaust.
Fuel injected vehicles are equipped with multiple sensors. The ECU monitors all the sensors and it is programmed to expect a certain “normal” behavior.
When the sensors detect the altered combustion and the excess of oxygen in the exhaust, the ECU responds to this unexpected condition by adding more fuel and negating the improvement in fuel economy. If sensors are not adjusted properly, it is common to have more power and torque, but no fuel savings.
Achieving better fuel economy is a two step process:
1. Improve combustion efficiency by adding HHO. This results in increased engine torque and power.
2. Use ProTuner to adjust the signals of the sensors and to reduce the quantity of unnecessary fuel being consumed, converting surplus power into economy gains.
Carburetor engines are not equipped with sensors that direct the computer of the vehicle (ECU). In this case, installation is most simple as it only requires a hydrogen generator and a CCPWM to control the amount of HHO and the temperature of the operation
Electronic Fuel Injection Enhancer – EFIE
HHO allows the engine to run with leaner (less gasoline) air-fuel ratios while maintaining the same performance. The computer of the car (ECU) monitors the Oxygen sensors in order to decide how much fuel to use at any given time.
There are three types of EFIEs:
- Front narrowband EFIE controls front narrowband oxygen sensors
- Front wideband EFIE controls front wideband oxygen sensors
- Rear EFIE controls rear oxygen sensors
ProTuner contains all three EFIEs as part of its tuning system.
Why is a digital EFIE better?
Most EFIEs are analog: they simply add a fixed amount of voltage to the signal of the sensors. The manipulated signal then becomes too big in voltage and the “Service Engine” light is illuminated.
The ECU will deem the sensor malfunctioning and will ignore the signal because of its excessive voltage. At the same time, the computer system will switch into safe engine mode and the car will consume even more fuel.
Green Source EFIEs are true digital devices. Digital EFIEs command the computer to add or subtract fuel by sending only authorized compatible signals.
Dry cells vs wet cells
In a dry cell design only a minimum amount of liquid is contained in the generator body. Most of the water for the system is stored in a remote reservoir. Dry cells are usually much more efficient than wet cells as only insignificant amount of current gets wasted in electrolysis.
How much hydrogen can be generated from a liter of water?
Each gram of hydrogen burned releases 34,116 calories.
How much electricity is needed to produce HHO?
Only 7 to 10 amps of current are needed to create enough HHO for a standard 3L engine. This current draw is similar to turning on the stereo.
The approximate formula is: Amps = Engine Size (Litres) x 2.5